HPV Vaccination: Preventing Cervical Cancer (II)

Introduction Firstly, some information about cervix and cervical cancer. Cervix is the lower end of the uterus, about 2.5 to 3.5 cm long on top of the vagina Cervical cancer is cancerous/ malignant growth or tumor resulting from the uncontrolled division of abnormal cells at the cervix.  Many are detected via Pap smear during screening, as…… Continue reading HPV Vaccination: Preventing Cervical Cancer (II)

Understanding Liver Cancer (Hepatocellular Carcinoma – HCC)

Introduction In Malaysia, liver cancer ranked eighth most common cancer amongst Malaysian population, with males to female ratio around 2:1. Mostly, around 80%, present at late stages (III, IV). Risk factors Main risk of developing liver cancer is liver cirrhosis, which is liver impairment caused by scarring/ fibrosis of liver. One third of patients with…… Continue reading Understanding Liver Cancer (Hepatocellular Carcinoma – HCC)